CV


CURRICULUM VITAE
RYAN G. SINCLAIR PhD, MPH
Contact Details:

LOMA LINDA UNIVERSITY | School of Public Health
Center for Community Resilience | Environmental Microbiology Research Laboratory
Office: 24951 N. Circle Drive, Suite 2104, Nichol Hall. Loma Linda, CA 92350
Laboratory: 24785 Stewart St., Suite B2E Evans Hall, Loma Linda, CA 92350
Receiving: 24941 Stewart St., Loma Linda, CA 92350
(909) 558-4000 x47128 & x85633·  Email: rsinclair@llu.edu·  
LLU website:  http://goo.gl/7ldoJc

EDUCATION
Postdoc           National ResearchCouncil: Environmental Microbiology, 04/2008
PhD                 Tulane University Environmental HealthSciences: Water Quality, 12/2006
MPH               Loma Linda University Public Health: International Health, 05/1999
BS/BA            Brigham Young University Zoology and Anthropology, 04/1997

BRIEF PERSONAL BIOGRAPHY
Dr. Ryan G. Sinclair is an Assistant Professor in the Center for Community Resilience at the Loma Linda University School of Public Health. He is an environmental microbiologist who has projects in wastewater, stormwater, household hygiene, and food safety. His projects use a citizen science approach with community organizations in the Coachella Valley and other areas of Southern California.

Dr. Sinclair worked as a post-doc in the National Research Council Associateship program, then research scientist at the University of Arizona Water Village. He has a PhD in water quality from Tulane University, a Masters of Public Health from Loma Linda University, and a Bachelor’s degree in Zoology from Brigham Young University.

SELECTED PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
09/2009 – present        Loma Linda University School of Public Health; Assistant Professor
A full time position in the Center for Community Resilience of the School of Public Health at Loma Linda University. Committees: Admissions, Faculty workforce and development and Center for Health Research.  Link to our Faculty Handbook

05/2008 – 09/ 2009       University of Arizona (UA); Assistant Research Scientist.
Designed and directed a laboratory for research on real-time water security sensor networks. Topics included environmental microbiology investigations of pathogen survival on fomites. Conducted a microbial risk assessment of land-applied biosolids. Continued previous research with the Center for the Advancement of Microbial Risk Assessment (CAMRA).

03/2007 – 04/2008        National Research Council Research Associate Program (NRC-RAP).
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the UA; Research Associate. Initiated projects with the USEPA/DHS funded CAMRA project. Topics included: drinking water disinfection, microbial surrogate evaluation, environmental survival of category A agents, health risk assessment, bio-security, water distribution system vulnerability assessments, the transport and fate of microbes in water distribution systems, and biosensor optimization. Lectured in environmental science classes.


PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS
  
Sinclair R.G., C.P. Gerba, L.Y. Sifuentes, M.Tsai and S. Abd-Elmaksoud. 2016. “Efficacy of Treatment of Reusable Grocery Bags with Antimicrobial Silver to Reduce Enteric Bacteria” Food Protection Trends 36 (6): 458-464.



Hilton, T., S. Montgomery, P. Herring, T. Gamboa-Maldonado, R. Sinclair and B. McLaughlin. 2015. "Perceived Attitudes and Staff Roles of Disaster Management at CBOCs." Federal Practitioner 32(8).

Martin, R., S.D. Safaee, K. Somsamouth, B. Mounivong, R. Sinclair, S. Bansal, and P.N. Singh. 2013. “Mixed Methods Pilot Study of Sharing Behaviors among Waterpipe Smokers of Rural Lao PDR: Implications for Infectious Disease Transmission.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10 (6): 2120–32.

Gamboa-Maldonado, T., H. Hopp Marshak, R. Sinclair, D. Dyjack, and S. Montgomery. 2012. “Building Capacity for Community Disaster Preparedness: A Call for Collaboration Between Public Environmental Health and Emergency Preparedness and Response Programs.” Journal of Environmental Health 75 (2).

Sinclair, R.G., J.B. Rose, S.A. Hashsham, C.P. Gerba, and C.N. Haas. 2012. “A Criteria for Selection of Surrogates Used to Study the Fate and Control of Pathogens in the Environment.” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, January.

Lopez, J.R., K. Somsamouth, B. Mounivong, R. Sinclair, and P. Singh. 2012. “Carbon Monoxide Levels in Water Pipe Smokers in Rural Laos PDR.” Tobacco Control 21 (5): 517–18.

Sinclair, R.G., and C.P. Gerba. 2011. “Microbial Contamination in Kitchens and Bathrooms of Rural Cambodian Village Households.” Letters in Applied Microbiology 52: 144–49.

Miles, S.L., R. Sinclair, M.R. Riley, and I.L. Pepper. 2011. “Evaluation of Select Sensors for Real-Time Monitoring of Escherichia Coli in Water Distribution Systems.” Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77 (8): 2813–16.

Williams, D.L., C.P. Gerba, S. Maxwell, and R.G. Sinclair. 2011. “Assessment of the Potential for Cross-Contamination of Food Products by Reusable Shopping Bags.” Food Protection Trends 31 (8): 508–13.

Pepper, I.L., J.P. Brooks, R. Sinclair, P.L. Gurian, and C.P. Gerba. 2010. “Pathogens and Indicators in United States Class B Biosolids: National and Historic Distributions.” Journal of Environment Quality 39 (6): 2185.

Sinclair, R.G. 2010. “Wastewater Irrigation and Health: Assessing and Mitigating Risk in Low-Income Countries.” International Journal of Water Resources Development 26 (4): 704–9.

Riley, M.R., S.L. Miles, R. Sinclair, and I.L. Pepper. 2010. “Real Time Monitoring for Pathogens in Water.” In Proceedings of the Water Distribution Systems Analysis 2010, 303–8. Tucson: American Society of Civil Engineers. 

Sinclair, R.G., P. Romero-Gomez, C.Y. Choi, and C.P. Gerba. 2009. “Assessment of MS-2 Phage and Salt Tracers to Characterize Axial Dispersion in Water Distribution Systems.” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A 44 (10): 963–71.

Yoon, J.Y., J.H. Han, C.Y. Choi, M. Bui, R.G. Sinclair, and others. 2009. “Real-Time Detection of Escherichia Coli in Water Pipe Using a Microfluidic Device with One-Step Latex Immunoagglutination Assay.” Transactions of the ASABE 52 (3): 1031–39.

Sinclair, R., S. Boone, D. Greenberg, P. Keim, and C.P. Gerba. 2008. “Persistence of Category A Select Agents in the Environment.” Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74.

Sinclair, R.G., C.Y. Choi, M.R. Riley, and C.P. Gerba. 2008. “Chapter 9 Pathogen Surveillance Through Monitoring of Sewer Systems.” Advances in Applied Microbiology Volume 65: 249–69.

Yel, D., G.K. Hallen, R.G. Sinclair, K. Mom, and C.T. Srey. 2005. “Biochemical Validation of Self Reported Quit Rates among Buddhist Monks in Cambodia.” Tobacco Control 14: 359–359.

Jeng, H.C., R. Sinclair, R. Daniels, and A.J. Englande. 2005. “Survival of Enterococci Faecalis in Estuarine Sediments.” International Journal of Environmental Studies 62: 283–91.

DISSERTATION
Sinclair, R. Point of use water treatment options in rural Cambodia households. An analysis of the effectiveness of solar water disinfection in Rovieng district, Preah Vihear province, Cambodia. Dissertation, Tulane, New Orleans, 2006. Committee members: A.J. Englande Ph.D. P.E.(chair), Assaf Abdelghani Sc.D., Paul Hutchinson Ph.D., Janet Rice Ph.D., and Robert Reimers Ph.D.

Description: This drinking water disinfection health intervention took place from 2004-2006 and evaluated the use of SODIS program for rural residents in Rovieng district, Preah Vihear province, Cambodia. The program studied SODIS as it relates with good hygiene and sanitation among rural households who normally drink water directly from rivers or wells without treatment. The project outcomes were adoption of the SODIS techniques among villagers and expansion of the project to three additional provinces under the direction of ADRA Cambodia.

BOOK CHAPTERS
Ryan G. Sinclair, Kristen Gunther, and Rhonda Spencer-Hwang. “Environmental Health Risk Assessment.” In The Praeger Handbook of Environmental Health, 1:281–304. Praeger Publications, 2012.


PUBLISHED CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS (Not peer reviewed)
Riley, Mark R., Syreeta L. Miles, Ryan G. Sinclair, and Ian L. Pepper. “Real Time Monitoring for Pathogens in Water.” In Proceedings of the Water Distribution Systems Analysis 2010, 303–308. Tucson: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2010. http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/41203%28425%2928.

Sinclair, R., AJ Englande, R. Reimers, J. Rice, A. Abdelghani, and S. Samreth. “A Microbiological Investigation of a Point of Use Drinking Water Disinfection Technology: Solar Photo-Disinfection and Its Challenges in Cambodia.” In Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2007:334–359. Pittsburgh, PA, 2007.

Sinclair, Ryan, Celeste Cantu, Maria Kennedy, and Kristen Gunther. “The Public Health Risks from Inadequate Septic Tank Percolation in Low Income Areas of California.” In WEFTEC CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, 2011.

Englande, A.J., Paul Lo, and Ryan G. Sinclair. 2007. “Water Quality and Public Health: Case Studies of Hurricane Katrina and the December 2004 Tsunami in Thailand.” In Cities of the Future : Towards Integrated Sustainable Water and Landscape Management : Proceedings of an International Workshop Held July 12-14, 2006 in Wingspread Conference Center, Racine, WI, 52. London: IWA Publishing.

OTHER PUBLICATIONS, POSTERS, PRESENTATIONS AND REPORTS

 “Creating places of health and wellbeing.” R.Sinclair, P. Newman and A. Le. A panel discussion on Environmental Justice held in the Bi-Annual Medical Narratives Conference at the University of California, Riverside on October 13, 2016. The conference title was “Signs and Symptoms: Medicine is Humanities.”


“An augmented reality sandbox virtual water presentation for high school and elementary school children.” R.Sinclair The flying doctors Mecca health fair. The presentation used a participatory method to educate children on the concept of watershed and drought in the Coachella Valley. The health fair took place at the Desert Mirage High School in Mecca, CA on October 1st, 2016.

 “How to use the Augmented Reality Sandbox to teach hydrology, topographical maps and water conservation.” R. Sinclair. This was included as a workshop in this summer’s interactive STEM series of the Loma Linda University’s EXSEED Summer Conference. Four workshops were held in June, 2016.

“Antibacterial inhibitory effect of size-controlled silver gold nanoparticles with Porphyronmonas Gingivalis W83.” C. Stewart, E. Stuffle, E. Walemba, W. Chen, D. Boskovic, R.Sinclair, C. Perry. A poster presented at the 16th annual Health Disparities Research Symposium organized by the Loma Linda University School of Medicine’s Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine. August 3, 2016.

“Development of a low-cost air quality particulate sensor for use by Citizen Scientists.” L. Lay, T. Boskovic, C. Perry, R. Sinclair. A poster presented at the 16th annual Health Disparities Research Symposium organized by the Loma Linda University School of Medicine’s Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine. August 3, 2016.

The antibacterial properties of sliver-gold bimetallic nanoparticles against multidrug-resistant pathogens. E. Stuffle, C. Stewart, M. Lu, E. Walemba, D. Boskovic, E, Vanterpool, R. Sinclair, C. Perry. A poster presented at the 16th annual Health Disparities Research Symposium organized by the Loma Linda University School of Medicine’s Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine. August 3, 2016.

“An Augmented Reality Terrain Map for Health Needs Assessment Visualization.” R. Sinclair, M. Tsai and C. Tsui. Loma Linda University’s Faculty Development showcase titled “The Art and Science of Successful Learning.” Workshop held on February, 3 2016.

"Weather balloons and crowdsourcing: new citizen science approaches to participatory community mapping". Ryan G. Sinclair; Nicole Alleyne-Oliver, Diana Ibrahim, Ivan Biamont, Lea Urita, Rebecca Marsile, Jessica Camacho and Sammy Roth. Presented at the SCPHA 2014 Annual Conference titled "Place Matters: Healthography in Southern California." Conference held on November 7, 2014 at the Los Angeles office of the California Endowment.

"Arsenic contamination and other water quality concerns on tribal lands of Southern California." A field based training session given on the Pala and Pauma reservation headquarters near Temecula, California on August 21 and 28, 2014. R. Sinclair and M. Randhawa.

“The hidden mobile home parks of the Eastern Coachella Valley: Estimating population of a neglected community”. R. Sinclair. An oral presentation given at the 2014 Environmental Justice Summit held in May of 2014 in Mecca, CA.

“Partnering with the Adventist development and relief agency (ADRA) to access needs in northern Laotian villages.” (283358), and “Using a community participatory approach to assess health through a water, sanitation and hygiene sustainability project.” (288182). A. Desai, R. Sinclair, D. Rawson, T. Gamboa.  Two oral presentations given by A. Desai at the American Public Health Association annual conference in Boston, MA. November 2013.

The occurrence of Listeria in onsite wastewater failures from the Eastern Coachella Valley. R. Sinclair. An oral presentation and training given at the California Environmental Health Association (CEHA) Annual Update in Garden Grove, CA in October 2013.

Using community based methods to create a GIS database on wastewater failures in the Eastern Coachella Valley. R. Sinclair. An oral presentation given at the GIS monthly seminar in the LLU School of Public Health in October 2013.

Plenary Session: “Food Systems 101: Academic perspectives of food safety” and “Emerging pathogens and threats”. R. Sinclair. Two oral presentations given at the S3 Food Symposium in Riverside, CA in May, 2013.

Crowdsourcing Wastewater Failures: Promotoras and Youth Use Community Mapping to Advocate for Improved Wastewater Management. R. Sinclair. An oral presentation given at the Metropolitan Water District of Los Angeles, CA in May, 2013.

A Christian’s global stewardship and duty for sustainable water sanitation and hygiene. R. Sinclair. An oral presentation to the Loma Linda University School of Public Health annual faculty meeting in August, 2013 and at a LUU symposium titled Entrusted: Christians and Environmental Care in April 2013.

Disinfection Efficiency and User Compliance of SODIS in Cambodia (TS040) R. Sinclair. An oral presentation at the Water Environment Federation Technical Conference in New Orleans, LA. October 2012.

Household hygiene assessment in an urban, low-income community. R. Sinclair, K. Reynolds, J. Soto: A poster given at the American Society for Microbiology annual meeting in San Francisco, CA in June 2012.

The infection risks associated with Clothing and Household Linens. R. Sinclair, S. Bloomfield. Oral presentation at a press release and global presentation of a new product for Unilever international in Jakarta, Indonesia. June 2012.

Talking Trash: Does it matter where our garbage goes? KPCC radio interview with R. Sinclair and two other panelists: Crawford Family Forum: Panel speaker for Wednesday June 13, 2012 KPCC Studio in Los Angeles.

We flush our toilets with Drinking water; A microbiology perspective on wastewater re-use and public health risk assessment.” R. Sinclair. Oral presentation given for the LLU Preventive care grand rounds on February 9, 2012 in Loma Linda University, CA.

Tools used to identify inadequate onsite wastewater treatment in disadvantaged communities. R. Sinclair. Oral presentation given at the January 2012 Southwest On-site Wastewater Conference in Laughlin, Nevada.

Priority ranking and community assessment in the Eastern Coachella Valley. A series of three participatory workshops targeted towards community advocates and promotoras groups in Coachella, California. Organized and delivered by R. Sinclair. January, 2012.

Sinclair, R. Vivanco, S. Atencio, R. "Community Engagement Methods in Building Healthy Communities" A panel discussion and oral presentation given at Loma Linda University’s Health Communities by Design annual summit in November 2011.

The Public Health Risks From Inadequate Septic Tank Percolation in Low Income Areas of California. R. Sinclair, C. Cantu, M.E. Kennedy, K. Gunther. Oral presentation given at the October 2011 WEFTEC conference in Los Angeles, California. 

Household hygiene and Critical Control Point analysis for informal settlements in Lima, Peru. R. Sinclair, K. Reynolds. Presented on how to prevent pathogen contamination on bathroom and kitchen surfaces using disinfection with Clorox or other household cleaning products. Presented on September 5, 2011 at the KALLPA NGO headquarters in Lima, Peru. Presented to NGO staff and faculty from Boston University, the University of Arizona and staff from the Instituto de Investigación Nutricional.

Water Quality. R. Sinclair. A course series on Environmental Health and Safety put on by the Loma Linda University Office of Public Health practice and the Native American Environmental Protection Coalition (NAEPC). The training was on water and wastewater and was held on August 31, 2011.

Environmental Health and Safety: The Key Elements. R. Sinclair, S. Soret, L. Beeson. An oral presentation and workshop given to the general public at an environmental health and justice summit at the Conference Center at Aspen in the Desert in Brawley, CA on in August 31, 2011.

Enchanted Heights case study: how to obtain funding for public wastewater projects. R. Sinclair, R. Shintaku. Presented at a conference entitled: Developing funding for disadvantaged community infrastructure projects. The conference was organized by The Cal State University at Fresno Water Resources and Policy Initiatives group. It was held at the Frontier Project in Rancho Cucamunga of California on June 28, 2011.

Health effects of Arsenic in drinking water. R. Sinclair, M. Randhawa. Organized by Loma Linda University School of Public Health Office of Public Health Practice. The lecture was presented on Feb 1, 2011 to health professionals of the Mecca, CA government health clinic. The following groups were involved: El Sol, Clinica de Salud and the Comité Cívico Del Valle Inc.

Crowd Sourcing in the Eastern Coachella Valley: Inadequate Septic Tank Percolation in Low Income Areas of Riverside County, California. R. Sinclair. Oral presentation given at the November 2011 Healthy Communities by Design Summit at Loma Linda University and ESRI in Redlands, CA. 

Haiti 2010 Earthquake: Public Health Disaster Assessment and Response: January 22 – March 20, 2010. R. Sinclair. Oral presentation given at the California Environmental Health Association annual meeting in Riverside, CA on April 5, 2010. Additional oral presentation given at the Environmental Health Training in Emergency Response meeting held at the University of California, Riverside on March 30, 2010. Poster presentation given at the Southern California Public Health Association annual meeting on April 22, 2010 in Long Beach, CA.

A HRWM member’s response to Haiti 1/12/2010 earthquake. An article written for the Health Related Water Microbiology group newsletter. Issue 6 May 2010.  International Water Association.

Microbial Contamination in the kitchens and bathrooms of USA and Cambodian Households: the importance of handwashing. R. Sinclair, L. Uisetiawan, C. Gerba. Poster presentation at the Sanitation Options in the Asia Pacific conference held in Hanoi Vietnam during November, 2008.

Exposure Assessment. R. Sinclair and C. Gerba. Oral presentation and workshop convener for the American Society of Microbiology’s workshop entitled “Introduction of Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment”. The workshop was held on June 1, 2008 at the Arizona State University Campus in Mesa, AZ.  

Axial Dispersion of salt tracers and MS-2 phage in an experimental water distribution system. R. Sinclair, C. Choi, C. Gerba. Poster presentation at the May 2008 American Society for Microbiology annual meeting in Boston, MA. 

Dispersion of MS-2 in Water Distribution Systems. R. Sinclair, P. Romero, C. Choi, C. Gerba. Poster presentation at the April 2008 USEPA and DHS conference on real-world applications and solutions for microbial risk assessment.

Factors affecting the persistence of pathogens on fomites. R. Sinclair, C. Gerba. Oral presentation at the April 2008 USEPA and Department of Homeland Security conference on real-world applications and solutions for microbial risk assessment.

Dispersion of MS-2 in Water Distribution Systems. R. Sinclair, P. Romero, C. Choi, C. Gerba. Poster presentation at the April 2008 USEPA and DHS conference on real-world applications and solutions for microbial risk assessment.

Criteria for the selection of surrogates for studying the fate and transport of pathogens in the environment. R. Sinclair, D. Greeneberg, P. Keim, C. Gerba. Poster presentation at the April 2008 USEPA and DHS conference on real-world applications and solutions for microbial risk assessment.

C. Gerba, R. Sinclair. Criteria for microbial surrogates for assessing fate and transport of pathogens in the environment. Poster presentation at the 14th International Symposium on Health-Related Water Microbiology in Tokyo, Japan during September 2007.

“Tuk Sa’at” meaning Pure Water. A. Stickle, M. Schwisow, R. Sinclair. Finalist for World Bank Development Marketplace funding. Presented proposal and poster at the May 2007 Development Marketplace in Washington D.C.

Diarrhea disease reduction through solar water disinfection: prevalence studies and user compliance. R. Sinclair, A.J. Englande. Oral presentation at the November 2006 American Public Health Association 134th annual meeting.

Household drinking water disinfection and diarrhea disease in Cambodia. R. Sinclair, A.J. Englande. Presented at the December 2006 Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) 38th annual conference in Bangkok, Thailand.

Water quality and public health – Case studies of Hurricane Katrina and the December 2004 tsunami in Thailand. A.J. Englande, R. Sinclair, P. Lo. Presented at the Wingspread workshop: “Cities of the Future: Creating Blue Water in Green Cities”. July 13, 2006. International Water Association.

Comparisons of Hurricane Katrina and the December 2004 tsunami in Thailand. A.J. Englande, R. Sinclair. Presentation at the December 2006 APACPH annual conference in Bangkok, Thailand.

A microbiological risk assessment approach for drinking water technology verification: A presentation of the solar disinfection option in reference to epidemiology and microbiology studies.  R. Sinclair, A.J. Englande, G. Zornes, A. LaFraniere. Winner of a student poster competition at the December 2006 National Center for Environmental Health Conference in Atlanta, Georgia.

A microbiology investigation of a point-of-use drinking water disinfection technology: Solar photo-disinfection and its challenges in Cambodia. R. Sinclair, A.J. Englande, R. Reimers, J. Rice, S. Samreth. Oral presentation at the February 2007 WEF disinfection conference in Pittsburg, PA.


CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS
 2016 - present: “A microbial assessment of the Santa Monica Urban Runoff Recycling Facility (SMURRF).” This is a continuation of the previous USEPA project. It is funded by the Metropolitan Water District’s World Water Forum and is currently supporting one Masters student.


2016 - present: “Characterization of microbial contamination in water vending machines of the Eastern Coachella Valley.” This project is funded through the Metropolitan Water District’s World Water Forum. The project matches houses from our Environmental Justice Health Data project to nearby water vending machines. We evaluate the microbial quality of drinking water from both locations. The project is an add-on to the current California Endowment funded project in the Eastern Coachella Valley. It funds one PhD student.  

2016 - present: “The Eastern Coachella Valley Environmental Justice Health Data Project.” This is year three of the project that works to collaboratively engage community members and stakeholders to develop and administer an environmental health assessment. The project has completed over 1700 in person surveys and over 200 household environmental assessments. The survey project has lasted over 3 years and uses a rigorous multi-stage sampling design where homes are selected from a combination of ground-truthing and satellite map enumeration. The project builds on 2012 efforts to characterize the EJ issues in a participatory manner alongside with Promotoras and community members. Project organization partners with the California Endowment and the California Institute for Rural Studies.


PAST RESEARCH PROJECTS

Dates
Funder



17-Jan-2014 - 31-Aug-2015
United States Environmental Protection Agency

Title: Determining the Microbial Characteristics of Dry Weather Urban Runoff Coming in and out of the Santa Monica Urban Runoff Recycling Facility (SMURRF) 
Description: This is a water sampling project in partnership with the Los Angeles County department of Public Health cross connection control department, the RAND corporation, The USEPA NERL, and the City of Santa Monica. The research questions involve the SMURRF treatment process' microbial removal efficiency.  This forecasting model experiment calculates the microbial infection risk to users of the processed water for irrigation and toilet flushing. The health risks are expanded to the potential future use of the water for potential direct potable reuse of wastewater.

01/2015 – 11/2015
PurThread and Biomaster

Title: Contamination of Antibacterial Reusable Grocery Bags 
Description: This contract was to evaluate the efficiency and field use practices of two brands of antimicrobial reusable grocery bags. The laboratory project worked with the University of Arizona to evaluate the grocery bag’s antimicrobial efficiency. The field project recruited 40 faculty and staff from the LLU to participate in the IRB approved study. A manuscript is currently under preparation.

20-Mar-2013 - 31-Dec-2015

The California Endowment through the California Institute of Rural Studies (CIRS)

Title: The Eastern Coachella Valley Environmental Health Study
Description: This participatory research focuses on community-identified environmental contamination and potential human health effects. The project contains a large set of research questions which will provide evidence for long term policy and development of this underserved community. The research is IRB approved, has a rigorous sampling procedure and uses only on-the-ground interviews conducted by trained local promotoras. The survey questionnaire uses several national health metrics to assess topics such as asthma, depression, crowding, air and water quality topics. The home assessment tests water, air, hygiene practice and home appearance to assess physical contaminant exposure. Concentrated research questions detail exposure to pathogens from water and soil in disadvantaged communities.
09/23/2015 received +$* supply budget.
10/6/15 approved by funder for $* to fund one additional year.

22-Apr-2013 - 17-Jan-2014
CA Dept. of Water Resources through the RMC Water and Environment

Title: Disadvantaged Community (DAC) Outreach Demonstration Project
Description: This project engaged Disadvantaged Communities (DAC) to participate in California’s Integrated Regional Water Management (IRWM) planning process for the Coachella Valley. The aim was to activate disadvantaged groups that have traditionally been left out of the IRWM processes. The project used qualitative community mapping techniques along with an in-person survey questionnaire on water and sanitation. The research is complimentary to the PI’s research direction by funding the first participatory community map of the region and promoting awareness of water and wastewater issues among the population. The project recommended proceeding for funding in three priority areas of on-site alternative wastewater treatment, point-of-use water treatment and extension of existing water and wastewater infrastructure. See the team’s output reports here.

Dates
Funder


05-May-2012 - 30-Jun-2013
Metropolitan Water District of Southern CA

Title: Eastern Coachella Crowd Sourcing: Empowering Youth to Advocate for Improved Wastewater Management
Description: The project worked with high school age community members to address the regional problem of failing on-site wastewater systems. Youth helped design and populate blackwater.crowdmap.com in an effort to document this widespread problem. The goal was to reduce the burden of infectious disease from failing On-Site Wastewater systems. The project was featured nationally on Latino USA. This helped provide momentum for later projects in the Coachella Valley.

17-Aug-2011 - 15-Aug-2012
United States Environmental Protection Agency

Title: A zeolite-ceramic filter to remove pesticides and pathogens from drinking water
Description: This project was awarded by the USEPA to develop a zeolite ceramic filter prototype that can remove contaminants such as arsenic and pesticide for better drinking water. The project was approved for funding by USEPA but not contracted by the host University.

OTHER RESEARCH AT LLU
Dates
Project originator
08/30/2015 – current
Partnered with the University of Arizona and Clorox
Title: Monitoring and modeling organisms of interest in a public hospital restroom
Description: This planned study will place a tracer in a public hospital restroom and evaluate the tracer’s pathway and concentrations in other areas of the health care facility.
10/2012 – 03/2013
Partnered with the Environmental Safety Alliance
Title: Infectious disease transmission pathways in U.S. grocery stores
Description: This project evaluated transmission pathways of norovirus in grocery stores. The reusable grocery bags were inoculated with MS2 bacteriophage. The MS2 served as a surrogate for norovirus and allowed investigation of pathways through the environment. The work was submitted in 08/2015 to a peer reviewed journal.

10/2012 – 01/2013
Partnered with a local environmental law firm

Title: The use of grocery carts and grocery cart wipes in Large international ethnic supermarkets of Southern California
Description: This project surveyed 50 large international supermarkets in the Southern California area for customer’s use of grocery cart sanitary wipes. A report is available upon request.

Dates
Project originator


08/2011 – 03/2013
Partnered with Clorox

Title: Microbial evaluation of the “Arts For Behavior Change” intervention
Description: This project worked with an urban informal settlement in the San Juan De Miraflores community near Lima, Peru. The project promoted good household hygiene practices through the partner organization KALLPA, a Peruvian drama group that promotes public health. The team evaluated the household hygiene practices of the community by conducting a pre- and post- household hygiene microbial surface evaluation. The project partners were the Instituto de Investigación Nutricional (IIN) to conduct the field survey and setup the satellite microbiology laboratory. There are two manuscripts in preparation.


06-Jun-2011 - 31-Dec-2011
Partnered with ADRA Laos

Title: A field and laboratory evaluation of contamination in the Laotian Tobacco Waterpipe
Description: This project collected environmental samples and survey questionnaire data onsite in rural northern Laotian communities. The project determined the average E.coli indicator contamination in water directly from water pipes. The project also collected traditional water pipes for evaluation in the laboratory for microbial absorption. A report is available upon request.



05/2010 – 06/2010
Partnered with the University of Arizona
Title: Evaluation of reusable grocery bag contamination
Description: This project evaluated the occurrence of environmental bacteria on reusable grocery bags in Arizona and the Inland Empire of Southern California. See the peer reviewed publication section for the reference.

SERVICE BASED PROJECTS while at LLU
Dates
Service based project
06-Jun-2013 – Current
Self-initiated and coordinated through the Inland Empire Bicycle Alliance
Title: The Loma Linda Bicycle Hospital
Description: This community bicycle workshop teaches community members how to maintain their bicycles through providing a fully equipped bicycle workspace. The project aim is to increase the amount of bicycle commuters, educate locals in bike maintenance and promote safe bicycle riding throughout the community.
27-Dec-2012 – 28-Jan-2013
Title:  Community Priority Ranking Response to a SCAQMD Request for Proposals
Description: This project coordinated and held a series of participatory workshops with stakeholders and community residents from the Eastern Coachella Valley to determine community member priorities for air quality related funding. The aim was to promote and empower community groups to apply for funds and define their immediate health needs. The workshops helped organize community groups to apply for funding for which they were awarded over two million dollars.
Summers of 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2014
Partnered with the Suma Marka NGO.
Title: The annual student research trip for the LLU Global Health Integrated Community Development course.
Description: Student projects included: an air quality assessment of rural homes, the construction of a protected water source and other community led initiatives partnering through the Suma Marka NGO.




June 2012: Consulted with the Unilever™ Indonesia country office and international office on the disinfection efficiency of a new laundry disinfection product. The Oral presentation and press release took place in Jakarta, Indonesia in June 2012.

September 2012 – January 2014: Consulted with the Environmental Safety Alliance on reusable grocery bag microbial contamination. The consultations required expert testimony before the state senate committee on environmental safety and toxic materials, preparation of policy briefs and visiting key state senators and assembly member offices during bill voting sessions. This consultancy involved 3 LLU ENVH MPH students on a formal research project and included 3 consultations during the period between 2012 and 2014.

October 2011 – April 2012: Consulted with a lawfirm as an expert witness on grocery cart sanitation and current grocery industry practices. This consultancy utilized 3 LLU ENVH MPH students to conduct field research into large multi-ethnic supermarkets of Orange County, CA.  The research addressed questions on grocery cart disinfection, grocery cart sanitation and the possibility of a customer-acquired streptococcus from a contaminated grocery cart.

July 2012. Served as an expert international consultant to the Ana Stahl clinic in Iquitos, Peru. The consultant team included myself and four MPH GLBH students who visited the Iquitos clinic to conduct a water safety plan for the hospital. The hospital needed a new onsite water well system because the city water system could not meet their demand. Our team evaluated the problem and recommended next steps for external funding agencies.


CONSULTING PRIOR TO LLU
June 2001 - World Vision Cambodia; Qualitative Research Methods Consultant. Organized and trained World Vision NGO staff in qualitative research methods appropriate for a maternal and child health program.
          
Sep.1999 – Aug. 2000 - ADRA Cambodia; Health Center Reform Project Consultant. International adviser of health center reform initiative in Pursat and Kompong Thom provinces of Cambodia.

December 2004 - WHO Tobacco Free Initiative and National Institute of Statistics, Cambodia; Tobacco Control Epidemiology Consultant. Provided training on data analysis and report writing with the Cambodian National Institute of Statistics 2004 national tobacco control survey.

June 2004 – July 2005 - ADRA Cambodia; Agriculture Project Research Consultant. Designed, organized, and analyzed survey questionnaires and research representing four years of ADRA agricultural projects in Siem Reap province, Cambodia. The consultancy coordinated participatory workshops, data analysis training, and presentations on lessons learned from the data analysis.

December 2005 - ADRA Cambodia; Monitoring and Evaluation Seminar Consultant. Prepared and presented an intensive seminar on research design, monitoring, and evaluation for Khmer staff managers. The seminar was hosted by ADRA Cambodia and included members of other international NGOs and national organizations such as World Vision and the Cambodian MOH.

October – December 2005 - World Vision Cambodia; Environmental Impact Assessment Consultant. Developed and conducted an environmental impact assessment for the AusAID funded Integrated Mine Action Program with World Vision, CARE, and AUSTCARE NGOs. The resulting environmental management plan was presented to international NGOs, national de-mining agencies, the Australian embassy and all other stakeholders involved in the de-mining and resettlement processes.

February 2005 - Maihidol University, Thailand and Tulane University; Post-Tsunami Relief Consultant. Organized a community needs assessment in select tsunami-affected areas of Pang-nga province.  Conducted rapid advisory sessions on sanitary survey methods for the Thai Pollution Control Department. Assisted local government members on water/environmental sampling activities. 

BIOSOLIDS and WASTEWATER

WATER SENSORS

  • Interviewed for a radio broadcast. Engineers of the new millennium: the global water challenge. “Tucson Spins Sewage into Gold.” Aired on 30 different National Public Radio carriers during the months of September and October of 2009. Interviewed by Lisa Raffensperger. Produced by the National Science Foundation and the IEEE.

  • Featured in three videos of the University of Arizona’s water sustainability program titled: “Water Taste and Odor”, “HACH Integrated Sensors”, and “S::CAN Light Based Water Sensing”. The videos are located at http://wsp.arizona.edu/
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 

  • “Proposal for Whitewater River Trail System Draws Mixed Response.” The Desert Sun, n.d.
  • The Infection Risks associated with Clothing and Household Linens. R. Sinclair, S. Bloomfield. Oral presentation at a press release and global presentation of a new product for Unilever international in Jakarta, Indonesia. June 2012.
GROCERY BAGS


MEMBERSHIPS AND AFFILIATIONS


TEACHING

2016 Courses to date (LLUSPH)
·         ENVH 515 Food Quality Assurance: 2 units
·         ENVH 569 Environmental Sampling: 4 units
·         ENVH 509 Environmental Health (online): 3 units
·         ENVH 694 Directed Study Research: 2 units
·         ENVH 568 Water Quality Assurance: 2 units
·         PCOR 501 Public Health for Community Resilience (in class and online): 5 units

2015 Courses (LLUSPH)
·         ENVH 568 Water Quality Assurance: 2 units
·         ENVH 569 Environmental Sampling: 4 units
·         PHCJ Field Practicum Courses (3 students)
·         ENVH 694 Directed Study Research: 2 units

2014 Courses (LLUSPH)
·         ENVH 568 Water Quality Assurance: 2 units
·         ENVH 569 Environmental Sampling: 4 units
·         ENVH 414 Fundamental of Environmental Health (online): 3 units
·         PHCJ Field Practicum Courses (4 students)
·         GLBH 545  Integrated Community Development in Peru: 5 units
·         ENVH 568 Water Quality Assurance: 2 units

2013 Courses (LLUSPH)
ENVH 569 Environmental Sampling and Analysis: 4 units
ENVH 568 Water Quality Assurance: 2 units
ENVH 509 Environmental Health: 3 units
ENVH 445 Environmental Health online: 3 units
GLBH 545 Integrated Community Development: 1 unit

2013 Guest Lectures in GLBH classes (LLUSPH)
ENVH 569 Environmental Sampling and Analysis: Lead lecturer.
GLBH 545 Integrated Community Development: Lead lecturer (2011)
GLBH 569 Global Health: Lead lecturer on survey research methods.
2010-2014 Guest Lectures (LLUSPH) (selected courses)
ENVH 509 Principles of Environmental Health: Lecture series on Water Quality.
GLBH 565 International Health: Lecture series on Environmental Impact Assessment.
GLBH 564 Community Health and Development: Lecture series on water, sanitation and disaster.

Guest Lectures 2008 -2009 (selected courses)
The University of Arizona:
SWES 530 Environmental Monitoring & Remediation: Lecture series on water quality indicators and Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment.
SWES 418 Human Health Risk Assessment: Lecture series on bioterrorism and microbial risk assessment, real-time water quality sensors and point-of-use water disinfection.

Tulane University 2006
ENHS Water Chemistry Laboratory




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